In contrast to its size and population, Cyprus has an extensive legal history. Study of that legal evolution provides an exceptional example for comparative law of the possibilities of harmonious co-existence and sometimes even the blending of legal systems. Nowadays, the Cypriot legal system is largely based on the English and Welsh legal system, i.e. on common law, although it has developed separately since the granting of independence to Cyprus in 1960. The Constitution of Cyprus provides that the country is an independent and sovereign republic with a presidential regime with well-established separation of powers between Government Parliament of governance. The executive powers are exercised by the President of the Republic and its Council of Ministers, whereas the legislative powers are exercised by a unicameral House of Representatives. The judicial powers are exercised by an independent and separate judiciary and the court structure of the Republic presents a Supreme Court with appellate, constitutional, revisional and original jurisdiction in some matters, District Courts, Criminal Courts (Assize Courts), Rent Control Tribunals, Industrial Tribunals, Family Courts and a Military Court etc.

Since May 1, 2004 Cyprus became a full member to the European Union and thus, European Union Law is directly applicable supersedes the Cyprus Law in Cyprus. That has led to a serious of new laws been introduced in the Cyprus legal system for the purposes of harmonization with EU law and a great number of advantages.

As regarding Human Rights Cyprus is also a member of the council of Europe and applies and implements all the judgment of the court of Human Rights of the Council of Europe.